RI.K.9

With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

 


VOCABULARY
  • differences
  • illustrations
  • differences

  • topic
  • compare
  • reasons

  • similarities
  • descriptions
  • contrast

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD what's this
  • Students who are able to identify basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic have a good command of related academic vocabulary including illustrations, descriptions, same/alike, different, text, similarities, differences, topic, compare, and same.
  • Question asking and answering about various elements of two texts on the same topic helps students identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts.
  • With prompting and support, students can compare illustrations as well as key ideas to determine similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic.
  • As students identify similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic they begin to realize that different authors present the same information in different ways.
  • Students who are able to identify basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic realize they can use prior knowledge they have about each text and about the topic to help them determine similarities and differences.
  • Students are helped in their efforts to identify and compare basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic through the use of graphic organizers and other visuals (e.g., “Chart the words used to describe the river in the texts, Letting Swift River Go (Jane Yolen) and A River Ran Wild (Lynn Cherry) and discuss how the descriptions are alike and different. Source: Teacher Practices Related to Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts, Kindergarten.)
  • Comparing and contrasting is an important component of comprehension within the informational text experience across grade levels and text complexity.
  • The ability to identify similarities and differences and compare and contrast can be applied to literature texts across grade levels and text complexity.
  • The ability to identify similarities and differences is useful across a variety of academic areas of study, including English Language Arts, Science, and Social Studies.
  • The ability to identify similarities and differences in two selections on the same topic provide a foundation for analyzing increasingly complex texts and subject matter within all content areas.

QUESTIONS TO FOCUS INSTRUCTION what's this
  • What academic vocabulary must students have mastered in order to successfully meet this standard?
  • Why do different authors write about and illustrate the same topic in different ways?
  • What strategies are useful in identifying differences and similarities between two texts?
  • What background knowledge and/or prerequisite skills are necessary to be able to identify similarities and differences in two texts on the same topic?
  • How does knowing how to use illustrations and to describe characters/events support the ability to determine similarities and differences between texts?
  • Why are certain illustrations used by an author to support a particular piece of text?
  • How will mastery of this standard be assessed? What will students know and be able to do?

SAMPLE PERFORMACE TASKS:
With prompting and support, students discuss ways the illustrations and descriptions of whales are the same and different in Sarah Thompson’s. Amazing Whales! New York: HarperCollins, 2006. (2005) with Face to Face with Whales, a National Geographic Children’s book by Flip and Linda Nicklin.

LEARNING PROGRESSION

Go to RI.1.9 to see the progression of related skills.