RL.3.9

Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series).

 

 
VOCABULARY

  • compare
  • setting
  • author

  • contrast
  • plot
  • series

  • theme
  • character
  • pattern


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD what's this
  • In order to compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author, students understand and are able to use terms such as compare and contrast, the 5 W’s and 1 How of questioning, story setting, story plot, similarities and differences, same, similar, characters, key details, analysis, and illustrations. Students learn or review terms such as themes, author study or book study, series, and patterns in context of similar texts.
  • In order to compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author, students identify key details about settings and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters.
  • Comparing and contrasting themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author, requires students to note similarities and differences in the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author. They often do this by asking who, what, where, when, how, and why questions for each text in the series and then comparing answers.
  • As students compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author, they use illustrations from each story in the series to give them clues to similarities and differences in themes, settings, and plots.
  • As students compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author, they identify evidence (specific words in text) to support their analysis and comparison.
  • Students who can compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author can explain their comparisons through writing or presentations.
  • As a result of comparing and contrasting themes, settings, and plots of stories, students are able to identify and explain patterns across books in a series written by the same author.
  • Reading books by the same author supports students in discovering patterns across texts, a necessary skill for many content areas. 
  • Comparing and contrasting text elements fosters a deeper integration of knowledge and skills. 
  • Exploring the similarities between books by the same author helps children recognize elements of writing style, which they can then include in their own writing. 
  • Identifying similarities and differences is a useful skill across all content areas. 

QUESTIONS TO FOCUS INSTRUCTION what's this
  • What level of academic vocabulary (breadth and depth) must students exhibit in order to compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series).
  • How can teachers ensure that students have acquired the vocabulary to handle more rigorous requirements for reading in literature?
  • What instructional strategies promote extending discussion beyond the current text to other comparable texts? 
  • How does reading books in a series promote student motivation? 
  • In what ways does reading books by the same author teach students about literary patterns? 
  • How does reading multiple books by the same author support children in developing their own personal reading preferences?


LEARNING PROGRESSION
Go to RL.2.9 to see skills mastered prior to this.