Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
(a). Choose words and phrases for effect.*
(b). Recognize and observe differences between the conventions of spoken and written standard English.


  • conventions/rules 
  • knowledge 
  • words 
  • word choice

  • phrases 
  • effect 
  • style 
  • meaning

  • spoken English 
  • written standard English 
  • syntax 


    • Third grade students need experience with a variety of texts to observe how authors use words and phrases to affect the tone of a text. 
    • They will also need to learn that a speaker or writer can choose from a variety of words to express distinct feelings or mood. 
    • Students will improve their listening and reading comprehension across texts as they understand and analyze how words are used in context. As part of this, it is important that when reading a text, they examine the author’s purpose in selecting words and phrases that affect the feel or tone of the text. 
    • Third grade students continue to strengthen their understanding of the difference between spoken (often informal) English and standard written English.

 what's this

    • What strategies can be used with third graders to support their ability to analyze text for tone, mood, and effect? 
    • What specific texts - including literature, poetry, and informational text - are especially useful for showing examples of phrases and words that express distinct feelings or mood? 
    • What strategies are most useful for supporting a third grade student’s understanding of the differences between spoken English and standard written English?


Go to L.2.3 to see skills mastered prior to this.