RF.2.4 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
 (a) Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.
 (b)Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
 (c)Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.


  • fluency/fluently
  • prosody
  • accuracy
  • rate
  • automaticity
  • word recognition

  • expression
  • tone
  • phrasing/phrases/clauses/meaningful chunks
  • connected text
  • oral reading
  • choral reading

  • partner reading
  • repeated reading
  • Reader’s Theater
  • running record
  • words correct per minute (WCPM)
  • context

   what's this 
  • Student readability levels need to be matched to text readability levels at an instructional or independent level in order to increase fluency and comprehension in grades K-12 in all content areas. Readability level affects fluency and comprehension.
  • The rate of reading, or fluency, can affect comprehension. Students need to learn how to adjust their reading rate to increase accuracy with decoding and comprehension.
  • The purpose for reading text can vary based upon the genre, mode, and per teacher instruction (for information, for enjoyment/pleasure, to increase decoding/fluency/comprehension, etc.).
  • Students need to understand the purpose for reading various texts before they read.
  • Students need to check for understanding/comprehension before, during and after reading. They need to learn how to self-monitor their comprehension and make repairs to their comprehension by using various strategies

  • How do you find the readability level of a text?
  • How does the readability level of the text affect fluency and comprehension?
  • What should fluent reading sound like?
  • How do you assess fluency and comprehension?
  • What is the purpose for reading the text?
  • How do you check for understanding before, during and after reading?

Go to RF.1.4 to see skills mastered prior to this.
Go to RF.3.4 to see the progression of related skills.