Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

(a) Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy).
(b) Distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs (e.g., toss, throw, hurl) and closely related adjectives (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny).



  • word relationships
  • nuances
  • word meanings

  • shades of meaning
  • verb
  • adjective

  • semantic gradients
  • linear arrays


    • Students will be making connections between text and their own personal experiences. 
    • By listening to books read aloung and by reading independently, second-graders can make connections with characters that they identify with as well as real-life events with which they are familiar. 
    • An understanding and recognition of synonyms is a part of being able to distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs and adjectives. 
    • The idea that there are many words to describe one object or action is essential to the second grade student’s reading, writing, and speaking development. 
    • Conversely, second grade students need to understand that word choice is essential for meaningful communication. 

what's this
  • How does demonstrating an understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings when writing and speaking strengthen language development?
  • How does word choice strengthen or lessen the meaning of the writing?
  • Do my students understand that word choice can change the meaning of a sentence?
  • Do my students understand how word meanings are related; that some words are similar or have multiple meanings?



Go to L.1.5 to see skills mastered prior to this.

Go to L.3.5 to see the progression of related skills.