UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD what's this
QUESTIONS TO FOCUS INSTRUCTION what's this
- Comparing and contrasting is an important component of comprehension within the informational text experience across grade levels and text complexity.
- The ability to identify similarities and differences and compare and contrast can be applied to literature texts across grade levels and text complexity.
- The ability to identify similarities and differences is useful across a variety of academic areas of study, including English Language Arts, Science, and Social Studies.
- The ability to identify similarities and differences in two selections on the same topic provide a foundation for analyzing increasingly complex texts and subject matter within all content areas.
- Students who are able to identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic have a good command of related academic vocabulary including illustrations, key ideas, descriptions, same/alike, different, text, similarities, differences, topic, compare, and same.
- Question asking and answering about various elements of two texts on the same topic helps students identify basic similarities in and differences between those elements.
- To determine basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic, students can use graphic organizers to list words that describe similarities and differences in illustrations, individuals, and procedures.
- As students identify similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic they grow in their understanding that different authors present the same information in different ways.
- Students who are able to identify basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic can identify key ideas about individuals and procedures in the text and use that information to determine similarities and differences.
SAMPLE PERFORMANCE TASKS:
- Why do different authors write about and illustrate the same topic in different ways?
- What strategies are useful in identifying differences and similarities between two texts?
- What background knowledge and/or prerequisite skills are necessary to be able to identify similarities and differences in two texts on the same topic.
- How does knowing how to use illustrations and to describe characters/events support the ability to determine similarities and differences between texts?
- How will mastery of this standard be assessed? What will students know and be able to do?
With prompting and support, students discuss ways the illustrations and descriptions of whales are the same and different in Sarah Thompson’s. Amazing Whales! New York: HarperCollins, 2006. (2005) with Face to Face with Whales, a National Geographic Children’s book by Flip and Linda Nicklin.
Go to RI.K.9
to see skills mastered prior to this.
Go to RI.2.9
to see the progression of related skills.