Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.


  • Identify
  • author
  • points (or key ideas) in text
  • Reasons

  • support
  • text
  • Informational text

  • The ability to identify the author’s purpose prepares students to analyze information texts of increasing complexity and rigor.
  • The ability to identify the author’s purpose enables the reader to determine if key points in various types of information texts (authentic documents, newspapers, essays, informative texts) are valid and supported.
  • The ability to determine whether or not key ideas are supported by reasons or evidence strengthens students’ abilities to evaluate and use information from text.
  • Students who understand the importance of supporting key points can use this knowledge to improve/revise writing
  • An essential skill in speaking assignments is using reason to support key ideas.

  • What are the reasons authors write non-fiction (e.g. to give information, to provide descriptions, to compare the characteristics of two or more things, to indicate what might cause certain events to happen)?
  • What must students know about identifying main ideas and details if they are to determine the key points made by the author?
  • What is the relationship between supporting details and the author’s reasons that support key points?
  • Why is it important for an author to provide reasons that support his or her point?
  • What are strategies that students can use to identify the author’s reasons for proposing ideas or conclusions?
  • How will mastery of this standard be assessed? What will students know and be able to do?

SAMPLE PERFORMACE TASKS: Students identify the reasons Clyde Robert Bulla gives in his book A Tree Is a Plant in support of his point about the function of roots in germination.

Go to RI.K.8 to see skills mastered prior to this.
Go to RI.2.8 to see the progression of related skills.