Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
(a) Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g. first word, capitalization, ending punctuation)


  • sentence
  • capital letter
  • punctuation
  • period

  • uppercase letters
  • question mark
  • first (as in “first word”)
  • exclamation mark
  • recognize
  • Recognizing the basic features of a sentence provides continuing support for more complex English language and writing skill development.
  • Sentences provide a complete thought. Recognizing the beginning and ending of a sentence supports increasingly sophisticated oral language, fluent reading and text comprehension.
  • Understanding the ending punctuation of a sentence helps students read with the appropriate expression (prosody).
  • Sentences are the building blocks of all text and more mature readers must not only understand the idea(s) contained in one sentence, but how sentences work together in a paragraph and in a section to provide meaning, enjoyment, and information.

  • What prerequisite skills must children acquire in order to recognize distinguishing features of a sentence?
  • What materials and strategies are most useful in helping children recognize distinguishing features of a sentence?
  • In what ways do oral language and listening skills support the recognition and appropriate use of basic features of a sentence?

SAMPLE PERFORMANCE TASKS – (1) The teacher reads the book “Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus!” by Mo Willems. The teacher places repeating sentences from the book on sentence strips. The teacher changes the ending mark on each sentence to a period, a question mark and an exclamation mark. The children repeat the sentence with the proper expression depending on the ending punctuation. (2) Using a big book they have read previously, the teacher and students indicate when a sentence starts and stops. Students tell how they know when the sentence starts and stops.

Go to RF.K.1 to see skills mastered prior to this.