Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
- Capitalize dates and names of people.
- Use end punctuation for sentences.
- Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.
- Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
- Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.



  • Capitalization
  • Comma
  • Exclamation point
  • Letter
  • Period
  • Punctuation
  • Question mark
  • Sentence
  • Word

  • Explicit teaching of the features of language enables students to describe how language works, to make meaning as they read, and to be able to use language to make meaning as they write.
  • Punctuation is used to aid the smooth reading of texts. Writers use punctuation as a powerful tool in shaping meaning. A lack of punctuation or misused punctuation can lead to misunderstanding and confusion.
  • Use phonemic awareness strategies to talk about how words are spelled. These strategies will enable students to make an educated guess when spelling unknown words, which can then be confirmed, or used as a basis for expanding their understanding about how words are written.
  • Students can begin to learn the basic functions of capitalization during shared reading and writing lessons.
  • First grade students demonstrate their understanding that people’s names and dates are capitalized by capitalizing those items in their writing.
  • When presented with names and dates that are not capitalized, first grade students can correctly add capital letters where necessary.
  • When writing in journals or in response to reading, first grade students use correct end punctuation (periods, question marks and exclamation marks).
  • First grade students are able to explain why authors use certain punctuation marks in literary or informational texts.
  • First grade students demonstrate they understand how to use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series in their writing and in headings on daily papers.
  • When presented with single words in a series or with dates, first grade students are able to determine if commas are used in these items correctly or incorrectly.
  • First grade students demonstrate they are able to use common spelling patterns and known spellings of frequently occurring irregular words in their writing.
  • When presented with regular words and frequently occurring irregular words, first grade students can determine if these words are correctly or incorrectly spelled.
  • When confronted with words they want to use, but have not been taught to spell, first grade students can either correctly spell these words or come close to the correct spelling by using the phonemic awareness they have mastered or what they have learned about spelling conventions.
  • When reviewing their writing, first grade students can revise their writing and correct misspellings, lack of end punctuations, and incorrect use of capital letters.
  • First grade students understand academic vocabulary that includes: capitalization, punctuation, exclamation point, question mark, period, comma, series of items, sentence, sounds of letters, and irregular words.

  • Do my students recognize and use capitalization for names and dates?
  • Can students identify a period, question mark, or exclamation point in a sentence?
  • Do I model the use of end punctuation marks and commas during shared writing activities and then encourage students to use these conventions as they write?
  • Do students use language conventions independently or when working in learning stations?
  • Are students using phonemic awareness or spelling strategies while spelling unknown words?
  • Do students know or have a working knowledge of academic vocabulary words that support their mastery of this standard?


Go to L.K.2 to see skills mastered prior to this.
Go to L.2.2 to see the progression of related skills.