Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
- Print all upper- and lowercase letters.
- Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.
- Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).
- Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their, anyone, everything).
- Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).
- Use frequently occurring adjectives.
- Use frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or, so, because).
- Use determiners (e.g., articles, demonstratives).
- Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).
- Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.


  • conventions/rules
  • nouns
  • singular nouns
  • personal possessives
  • future tense
  • articles
  • compound sentence
  • imperative sentence
  • uppercase
  • common nouns

  • plural nouns
  • indefinite pronouns
  • adjectives
  • demonstratives
  • declarative sentence
  • exclamatory sentence
  • lowercase
  • proper nouns
  • verbs
  • past tense

  • letters
  • possessive nouns
  • sentences
  • present tense
  • conjunctions
  • determiners
  • prepositions
  • simple sentence
  • Interrogative sentence
  • expand
  • prompts

  • Writing for self-expression will be enhanced through developing the mechanics of writing upper and lower-case letters and using oral language in songs, dramatic play, etc.
  • Students will develop oral language and literacy skills across grade levels as they participate in shared language activities and produce sentences.
  • Students will expand the complexity of their sentences and add descriptive words to their writing by understanding how words can be used.
  • Students will learn academic language and vocabulary across all content areas more easily by mastering the conventions of standard English grammar.
  • First grade students can print all upper and lowercase letters and demonstrate their proficiency with this task in their writing.
  • First grade students are able to correctly match singular and plural nouns with the verbs (singular or plural) that should be used with each noun. For example, students know that a dog runs, but that I run after my dog.
  • When provided with a list of singular or plural nouns correctly or incorrectly matched with verbs, first grade students are able to determine which are correctly and which are incorrectly matched.
  • First grade students can explain the difference between common, proper and possessive nouns and between personal possessive and indefinite pronouns. They demonstrate they understand how these nouns and pronouns are used during oral discussions and in their written work.
  • First grant students know how to indicate present, past, and future tense through verb use (e.g., I play, I played, I will play). They demonstrate this knowledge during oral whole group and small group discussions and in their written work.
  • When first grade students describe persons, places or things during class discussions or in their writing, they demonstrate their ability to correctly and appropriately use a variety of grade appropriate adjectives.
  • First grade students demonstrate an increasing sophistication in their oral language and in their writing. In addition to using correct verb tense when using and writing simple verbs and descriptive adjectives, these students correctly use articles (e.g., a, an, the) and frequently occurring prepositions and conjunctions such as and, but, or, so, because and during, beyond, and toward.
  • When prompted, first graders can produce simple and compound sentences.
  • When prompted, first grade students can produce a declarative, an exclamatory, an interrogative and an imperative sentence. They can identify the four types of sentences when they hear them spoken or when they occur during read-alouds. First grade students can also explain the difference between each and can tell a listener what type of ending punctuation mark is used with each.
  • First grade students demonstrate a working familiarity with academic vocabulary that includes: punctuation, preposition, conjunction, declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative, nouns, pronouns, verbs, compound sentence, simple sentence, adjectives, past, present and future.

  what's this
  • How does demonstrating command of the conventions of standard English grammar when writing and speaking strengthen language development?
  • How does understanding and producing simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences strengthen language development?
  • How can students be supported to increase the complexity of oral and written expression by using adjectives, various verb tenses, and possessive pronouns?
  • What strategies can be used to help students incorporate and correctly use conventions, such as nouns and verbs, plurals, pronouns, conjunctions, prepositions, determiners, and adjectives, in their oral and written language?
  • What center activities or take-home activities support students’ review and practice of first grade appropriate conventions of standard English grammar?
  • What strategies are effective in helping children understand the concepts of past, present, and future tense?
  • What additional instructional support can be provided for students who struggle with understanding the conventions of standard English grammar? 
  • What academic vocabulary must first grade students know and use or have a solid working knowledge of in order to successfully meet this standard?


Go to L.K.1 to see skills mastered prior to this.

Go to L.2.1 to see the progression of related skills.