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Shapes and Space (Geometry and Spatial Sense)


Many children learn early on that everything around us is formed by shapes. In math, your children will learn to investigate shapes (two-dimensional, or flat, and three-dimensional, or solid) and the characteristics and qualities that shapes possess (the number of sides and angles). These characteristics and qualities help your children to identify, compare, sort and classify shapes.  Once they master this level of expertise, children will then look for ways to generalize ideas about a shape. For example, children are shown the following two 4-sided shapes:

Students are then able to draw comparisons between the two shapes, identify their proper names and tell how they are different.

As you may already know, many children enjoy building structures using wooden or plastic blocks of various shapes. In the area of Geometry, your child will explore how to create new shapes using existing shapes …
With each new level of success, your children will increase their knowledge to include such shapes as quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons. Their experience with solid (three-dimensional) shapes will expand to learning about edges, faces (the two-dimensional shape that is created when a solid is traced) and vertices (the point where two faces and their edges meet).

Your child will also develop an understanding for how shapes and patterns are related to one another and how it is connected with measurement as well.